Crop conditions in Minnesota fared well but development remained behind normal for the week ending July 27, 2014, according to the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service. Farmers in southern Minnesota would like to see their crops receive a shot of rain to recharge moisture levels, while farmers in the northern part of the state experienced heavy rains earlier in the week. There were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork across the state.
Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 8 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 0 percent very short, 7 percent short, 84 percent adequate, and 9 percent surplus.
Sixty-one percent of the corn crop was at or beyond the silking stage, 10 percentage points behind the five-year average, with 68 percent in good to excellent condition. Seventy-four percent of the soybean crop has reached the blooming stage. Pods are setting on 26 percent of the soybean acres, up 19 points from the previous week. Soybean conditions rated 64 percent good to excellent. Ninety-two percent of the Spring wheat crop has headed, with 36 percent turning color. Fifty-three percent of the Spring wheat crop was in good to excellent condition. Ninety-five percent of the oat crop has headed, with 67 turning color and 16 percent harvested. Oat conditions improved to 67 percent rated good to excellent. Potato conditions remained at 84 percent good to excellent. Dry edible beans progressed to 62 percent at or beyond the blooming stage, with 19 percent of the plants setting pods. Sugarbeet conditions remained at 29 percent good to excellent. Sunflower conditions were rated 38 percent good to excellent.
The second cutting of alfalfa hay was 62 percent complete, 12 points ahead of last week. Reports of third cuttings of alfalfa were observed in southern Minnesota. All hay conditions increased to 66 percent good to excellent. Pasture conditions decreased to 73 percent good to excellent.