Cool Temps Hinder MN Crop Development 18 May 16

Below normal temperatures throughout Minnesota slowed crop development and raised concerns about freeze damage in the northern and central parts of the state during the week ending Sunday, according to USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service. There were 2.3 days suitable for fieldwork, with the southern parts of the state limited to 1.5 days or less due to continued precipitation. While planting is nearing completion for several crops, farmers are looking for warmer temperatures to support development.
Topsoil moisture supplies were rated 1 percent very short, 12 percent short, 74 percent adequate, and 13 percent surplus. Subsoil moisture supplies were rated 2 percent very short, 9 percent short, 79 percent adequate, and 10 percent surplus.
Corn was 93 percent planted, 16 days ahead of the 5-year average, but 6 days behind last year. Fifty-three percent of the corn crop had emerged, 9 days ahead of average. Soybean planting was 63 percent complete, 11 days ahead of average, but a week behind last year. Nine percent of the soybean crop had emerged. Planting for small grains is nearing completion. Spring wheat was 78 percent emerged, 17 days ahead of average, but 6 days behind last year. The first spring wheat condition rating of the year was estimated at 1 percent very poor, 2 percent poor, 27 percent fair, 58 percent good, and 12 percent excellent. Eighty-four percent of the oat crop had emerged, with 18 percent of the oat acreage at or beyond the jointing stage. Oat condition rated 80 percent good to excellent. The barley crop was 95 percent planted and 73 percent emerged. The first barley condition rating of the year was estimated at 0 percent very poor, 1 percent poor, 21 percent fair, 67 percent good, and 11 percent excellent. Dry edible beans were 46 percent planted, 12 days ahead of average. Sunflowers were 57 percent planted, two weeks ahead of average. Potatoes reached 91 percent planted, 15 days ahead of average.
All hay condition rated 76 percent good to excellent. Pasture condition continued to improve, rated 2 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 25 percent fair, 60 percent good, and 8 percent excellent.